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Reuse of unspent NER300 funds (1)

An important opportunity has arisen to utilise unspent NER300 funds and deliver tangible progress ... More »

CCU in the EU ETS: ZEP Policy Briefing, November 2016

In April 2016 the Zero Emission Platform (ZEP) published a report on Carbon Capture and ... More »

CCU - Carbon Capture and Utilisation

ZEP Network Technology produced a report on Carbon Capture and Use/Utilization (CCU) in April 2016, ... More »

CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy ... More »


Marie Donnelly (EC DG Energy) at ZEP...

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ZEP Highlights

ZEP report on long-term R&D priorities for CCS: Capture

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/10/2013

The critical role of CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) in meeting the EU’s energy, climate and societal goals is now indisputable: the European Commission’s Communication on CCS has confirmed that is not only “vital for meeting the Union’s greenhouse gas reduction targets”, it provides a “very visible link between jobs in local communities and continued industrial production”. Indeed, CCS must account for 19-32% of total emissions reductions in the power sector by 2050, which means that “For all fossil fuels, Carbon Capture and Storage will have to be applied from around 2030 onwards”.

Ongoing R&D for CCS is essential in order to drive down costs, and deliver EU climate targets. This report therefore prioritises immediate R&D needs of CO2 capture, focusing mainly on the power sector, while identifying the need to verify industrial applications – taking into account advances achieved to date and future requirements to drive down costs.

Graeme Sweeney: "We must reset our approach to CCS"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 11/10/2013

Recent setbacks for carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology underline the need for realistic ambition, innovative funding and urgent regulatory action, argues Graeme Sweeney.

This article originally appeared on the website of EurActiv.

European Parliament Public Hearing - Unlocking the potential of CCS through the EU 2030 climate and energy framework

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 09/10/2013

The 2013 edition of ZEP’s General Assembly will take the form of a Public Hearing in the European Parliament to discuss ways of Unlocking the potential of CCS through the EU 2030 climate and energy framework.

The hearing will be hosted by MEPs Jerzy Buzek (EPP, Poland), Chris Davies (ALDE, UK) and Teresa Riera Madurell (S&D, Spain), making this a truly cross party and cross party event which will see the participation of several high-level speakers from the EU institutions, international organisations, industry and ZEP.

CO2 Capture and Use (CCU)

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 30/09/2013

ZEP has published a paper outlining the potential of CO2 Capture and Use (CCU) and CO2 Capture Use and Storage (CCUS) not only to reduce CO2 emissions, but accelerate CCS deployment, e.g. via the combination of CCS with Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), geothermal heat production, CO2 mineral storage etc.

Indeed, CCU could add significant economic value to a CCS project – even if there is only temporary ‘storage’ of CO2. The greatest potential in Europe is offshore EOR, mainly in the North Sea and in Eastern Europe.

Urgent action is therefore needed to exploit the full potential of CCU/CCUS:

  • Develop business models and likely CCUS scenarios for Europe
  • Incorporate in Horizon 2020 as an enabling technology for CCS in Europe
  • Design tailor-made incentive schemes at national and EU level to kick-start early projects.

Download ZEP’s paper below.

Re-setting the way to a decarbonised Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 17/09/2013

In its EU Energy Roadmap 2050, the European Commission recognises that Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is the only technology available to mitigate CO2 emissions from large-scale fossil fuel use. The EU badly needs a successful CCS programme by 2020 and can no longer afford delays, writes Graeme Sweeney.

This article originally appeared on the website of EurActiv.

ZEP Chairman: "EU will face severe consequences if it does not support CCS"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 03/07/2013

EurActiv recently published an op-ed from ZEP's Chairman Dr. Graeme Sweeney. Find it on the EurActiv website or keep reading below.

Five years ago the EU was the world leader in championing carbon capture and storage (CCS) but it has since slipped from the top spot due to a lack of investment in this essential part of the EU's objective to reduce carbon emissions, writes Graeme Sweeney.

ZEP's response to the European Commission's Green Paper

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 01/07/2013

ZEP’s response to the European Commission’s Green Paper, "A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies"

In its response to the Green Paper, “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies", ZEP calls for a holistic approach to EU climate and energy policies – with CCS at its core, as underlined in the Commission’s Communication on CCS (to which ZEP has also provided input).

Indeed, in the EU Energy Roadmap 2050, CCS plays a key role in every scenario as a critical technology for decarbonising the power sector. Failure to ensure CCS deployment in energy-intensive industries – for which no alternative decarbonisation route exists – will also undermine the EU’s ability to achieve its long-term climate goals, as shown in ZEP’s new landmark report.

ZEP is therefore surprised that CCS is not represented in the key findings of the Commission’s roadmaps listed in the Green Paper and strongly recommends that any follow-up to the CCS Communication is treated as integral to the work of the Green Paper. Sufficient support – in terms of policy, funding and regulatory framework– must be put in place to ensure critical low-carbon technologies are commercially available once the carbon price reaches adequate levels. The RES 20% mandate and measures for energy efficiency have gone a long way to facilitating their deployment – while CCS has not benefited from such support measures.

ZEP therefore calls for the Commission to put forward proposals for some form of directed support for CCS – designed to deliver an ambitious milestone consistent with the EU's published roadmaps and in the context of the ‘2030 Climate Milestone’ ZEP calls for here as part of the 2030 EU climate and energy framework.

Accelerating the demonstration of CO2 geological storage in Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/06/2013

With the availability of proven, affordable CO2 storage sites critical to the development of CCS in Europe, ZEP recommends establishing up to six new storage pilots by 2016. Focusing on deep saline aquifers – on- and offshore – the pilots will complement CCS demonstration projects, accelerate state-of-the-art technology and showcase successful CO2 storage across Europe.

Key recommendations include:

  • Selecting sites which will enable meaningful, scientific R&D
  • Maximising the benefits of CCS for local communities
  • Supporting the deployment of Europe’s CO2 transport infrastructure
  • Financing storage pilots from a combination of sources
  • Simplifying the permitting process and relieving projects of the burden of liability
  • Maximising knowledge-sharing with EU and international CCS demonstration projects

Carbon Capture and Storage in EU energy intensive industries

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/06/2013

Find below ZEP's report on CCS in EU energy intensive industries. This is considered an indispensible route for a low carbon economy in 2050. Direct emissions from industry account for 25% of the total EU CO2 emission. Petroleum refining, iron and steel, cement and chemical industries account for 60% of the total EU CO2 emissions from industry.

CCS is the only available technology that can deliver the deep emissions cuts required by several AE energy-intensive industries if they are to fulfil their role in a large-scale decarbonisation across the EU economy. CCS has the potential to mitigate between 2 to 2.5 GtCO2 per year globally by 2050. This equates to between 0.3 to 0.4 GtCO2 in the EU27.


Building a CO2 transport infrastructure for Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/06/2013

Below you will find ZEP's report on building a CO2 transport infrastructure for Europe. Its main message is that developing a CO2 infrastructure must start now – ahead of wide-scale deployment. Clusters, places where different CO2 sources are located in close proximity, will especially benefit from such a development. With this report, ZEP calls for the following actions:

  • Broaden the scope of the Energy Infrastructure Package
  • Ratify the OSPAR and London Protocol amendments