For CCS projects aiming at transporting CO2 by ship, interoperability could be important in order to optimise the development of CO2 infrastructure, although it is likely that initial transport projects and contracts will be between a given emitter and a specific storage location. There is a need for some degree of standardisation on CO2 specifications (composition, pressures, temperatures, etc.), ship design and specifications (e.g. referring to loading and off-loading). As many CCS projects will become operational in the mid-2020s, many new ships for CO2 transportation will be needed within five years, making this guidance urgent and needed.

This infographic documents the findings and conclusions of an industry workgroup convened by ZEP and the CCSA to address this requirement. The full report, Guidance on CO2 transport by ship, and guidance note can be accessed here.