CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) will play a critical role in meeting Europe’s energy, climate and societal goals, but its demonstration is essential to achieve commercial availability and public support, and to allow it to be widely applied “from around 2030 onwards”. CCS has reached a ‘tipping point’ in Europe and urgent action is needed at EU and Member State level to deliver a sufficient set of demonstration projects.

In this position paper, ZEP reflects on what should be considered an appropriate pace to scale up CCS demonstration between now and 2030 to ensure sufficient ramp-up towards commercial deployment and avoid continued overall uncertainty, higher costs and the effects of carbon lock-in. CCS demonstration will require Policy and Regulation within the EU and ZEP’s views on these requirements are reflected in other ZEP publications, notably its responses to the European Commission’s “Green Paper” and “Communication on CCS”