• The report describes evolution of the EU energy system from 2018-2050 using European and member state policy at the end of 2017.
  • The report is designed to serve as a reference document
  • The 2030 the EU energy and GHG emissions reductions targets set by the EUframework for climate and energy are missed.
  • The 2050 EU climate targets are missed, and emissions reductions only total a47% reduction from 1990 levels, well above the climate-neutrality target.
  • Investment expenditure totals 72.5 trillion EUR over the period 2016-2050,11.5% of GDP. Primarily (68%) linked to the satisfaction of energy needs(electric vehicles and appliances).
  • CCS accounts for 8% of the EU net-electricity generation in 2050. Ramping upfrom 2040. This is a blend of gas (5%) and coal (3%) power generation with CCS at 90% capture rate, totalling 171.5Mt/CO2 pa from power generation alone.
  • CCS is viewed as a technology to address process emissions for the cement and iron & steel industry, resulting in 98Mt/CO2 p.a. capture (81Mt and 17Mt respectively).
  • Hydrogen with CCS, CCU, BECCS and DACCS are all not considered.

ZEP Policy Brief – CCS and CCU in the JRC Science for Policy Report Nov 2019