ZEP supports the European Union’s commitment to climate neutrality by 2050, defined as net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050. To this end, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) technologies play a crucial role. These technologies represent a readily available, cost-efficient pathway for the decarbonisation of industrial and energy sectors in the European Union. As shown by several modelling scenarios [1, 2], large volumes of CCS will be needed for the EU to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.