The European Union condemned the invasion of Ukraine by Russia on 24 February 2022 and adopted several packages of economic sanctions against Russia. The European Commission adopted on 8 March 2022 a Communication called ‘REPowerEU: Joint European Action for more affordable, secure and sustainable energy’ to reduce its dependence on Russian energy imports, reinforce its energy autonomy and address rising energy prices.

Key elements are highlighted in this ZEP briefing.