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Reuse of unspent NER300 funds (1)

An important opportunity has arisen to utilise unspent NER300 funds and deliver tangible progress ... More »

CCU in the EU ETS: ZEP Policy Briefing, November 2016

In April 2016 the Zero Emission Platform (ZEP) published a report on Carbon Capture and ... More »

CCU - Carbon Capture and Utilisation

ZEP Network Technology produced a report on Carbon Capture and Use/Utilization (CCU) in April 2016, ... More »

CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy ... More »


Marie Donnelly (EC DG Energy) at ZEP...

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ZEP Highlights

CCS for industry - Modelling the lowest-cost route to decarbonising Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 12/11/2015

ZEP modelled the lowest-cost route to decarbonising European by looking at CCS for industries as refining, steel and cement.

After modelling the lowest-cost route for decarbonising European power, ZEP turned its attention to industry. With direct industry-related emissions accounting for a quarter of total EU CO2 emissions, it is clear that Europe must look beyond the power sector to include core industries such as refining, steel and cement.

Not only is CCS the only option for substantially reducing CO2 emissions in these industries, but the costs of CO2 transport and storage – 10-30% of the total CCS costs – can be significantly reduced by clustering power and industrial emitters. Details and more information in the report (link below).

Event page ZEP General Assembly 2015: Towards a global CCS breakthrough

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 04/11/2015

This is the event page for the 2015 ZEP General Assembly organised in close cooperation with the CCSA, GCCSI and the European Parliament. You will find a livestream of the event on 12 November 2015, from 9:00 to 13:00, on this webpage. Title of the event: 

Towards a global CCS breakthrough: lessons from abroad and a plan for the EU

The event will be a European Parliament hearing. MEPs Theresa Griffin and Krišjānis Kariņšare pleased to invite you to a high level European Parliament hearing on CCS, sponsored by ZEP, CCSA and GCCSI, in association with the Gateway project and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Find more information here.



ZEP Executable Plan for CCS in Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 23/09/2015

Emitting CO2 to the atmosphere is currently much cheaper than storing it safely underground. Emitters can pay an ‘ETS wergild’ and are divorced from all the consequences of their actions, yet if they try to sequester CO2 they risk taking on liability for decades under the CO2 Storage Directive. Those factors serve, along with the lack of a near-term business case, to prolong the current inertia on CCS in the EU. Urgent action is now required to deliver CO2 storage projects and enabling infrastructure in preparation for commercial deployment. This requires an Executable Plan, owned by the European Commission.

This note (download link below) sketches the contours of such a plan, describing how the Commission can effectively and rapidly aid wide uptake of CCS in Europe; delivering additional CCS projects in power and industry; progressing the development of CCS hubs in Europe; and supporting the appraisal of storage capacity required for commercial CCS deployment. Find it here:

ZEP Position Paper on the ETS Revision

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 20/05/2015

The revision of the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) is a timely and critical undertaking. ZEP believes that the ETS should remain the principal tool for EU climate policy, providing a predictable, meaningful and robust carbon price and serving as a long-term driver for CCS. It should promote decarbonisation as well as effective funding of low carbon technologies – but due to the low price of allowances and issues with the structure of its funding mechanisms its impact on driving investment in CCS has been limited. ZEP therefore supports both amendments to the ETS structure and a new approach to the funding facilities as critical steps to roll out CCS. This paper was presented to EU Commissioner Cañete (Climate Action & Energy) and EU Commissioner Šefčovič (Vice-President Energy Union).

ZEP's model shows the lowest-cost route to decarbonising European power

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/11/2014

In order to identify how low-carbon technologies can reduce European power emissions most cost-effectively in the horizon to 2050, the Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP) has developed a model based on an existing model from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and linked it to the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM).

ZEP’s model is designed to select the lowest-cost investments to meet expected electricity demand, while replacing plants that exceed a defined lifetime – country by country. It is unique in that it not only takes into account optimised operating costs hour-by-hour, but also has a dispatch model for renewable power based on capacity factors and historic weather data. 

Download ZEP's report here: 

ZEP report on Business Models for Commercial CO2 Transport and Storage

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/11/2014

The critical role of CCS in meeting Europe’s energy, climate and societal goals is now indisputable: the European Commission’s Communication on CCS confirms that it is “vital for meeting greenhouse gas reduction targets”, while the Communication on the 2030 energy and climate framework highlights that CCS "may be the only option available to reduce direct emission from industrial processes at the large scale needed.” As importantly, it will ensure Europe has access to a diverse, reliable and secure energy supply.

While attention to date has focused on the emitting part of the CCS chain (CO2 capture), large-scale CCS requires CO2 transport and storage infrastructure – at the right time, in the right place, at the right capacity. In the current policy environment, there is no indication this will happen. There is a dearth of companies developing storage sites.

Innovative business models are therefore needed which align commercial interests across the entire CCS chain; and given the long lead times – 6 to 10 years for both pipelines and storage sites – development needs to start now, ahead of wide-scale deployment. Indeed, having a framework in place which enables storage projects to be established with the confidence that then also enables investment in CO2 capture is critical to the timely deployment of CCS in Europe.

The question is: “What is needed to make CO2 transport and storage a viable business?” In order to answer it, ZEP created a dedicated taskforce of experts representing a broad cross-section of the CCS value chain, including industry, academia and NGOs. Their conclusions – and solutions – are outlined in this groundbreaking report. Download ZEP's report here:

Event page: European Parliament Hearing on Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) – An essential part of Europe’s industrial growth equation

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 07/11/2014

Welcome to the event page of the ZEP European Parliament Hearing on CCS and industrial growth, taking place on 10 November 2014 in Room P7C050 at the European Parliament in Brussels. This event is also known as the 2014 ZEP General Assembly. Twitter hashtag for the event is #CCS4GROWTH.

This event, hosted by MEP Theresa Griffin, features a keynote from Jos Delbeke, Director General of DG CLIMA and an interactive debate brining together Jerzy Buzek, our ITRE Chairman, alongside representatives from the industry and NGO sectors.

Watch videos of the even there:

Event page: European Parliament Breakfast Briefing on Carbon Capture & Storage and Energy Security Event Conclusions

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/10/2014

On 24 September 2014, MEP Judith Kirton-Darling hosted a Breakfast Briefing in the European Parliament on Carbon Capture & Storage and Energy security, which was co-hosted by MEP Krišjānis Kariņš and organised by the Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP).

The programme included the following speakers: MEP Jude Kirton-Darling (S&D, UK); Paula Abreu-Marques, Head of Unit Renewables and CCS Policy, DG Energy (European Commission); Dr Graeme Sweeney, Chairman of ZEP; Dr Reinhold Elsen, Vice Chair ZEP and Vice President
Research & Development, RWE; Dzintars Kauliņš, Energy Counsellor at the Latvian Permanent Representation to the EU; Jonas Helseth, Director at The Bellona Foundation; and MEP Krišjānis Kariņš (EPP, LV). Download the event report below.

CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 03/07/2014

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy independence, diversity and security of supply while achieving climate objectives in an affordable manner and contributing to EU economic growth and competitiveness. Deployed in power generation (coal and gas) and energy intensive industries, CCS will ensure that the EU uses an energy which is clean, affordable and reliable, exploiting local and diversified fossil fuel resources effectively, both in terms of cost and environmental impact. The development and deployment of CCS technologies in Europe is therefore imperative. Download the full statement from ZEP below.

ZEP Long-term research priorities CCS transport and storage

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 18/02/2014

In 2010, ZEP published its landmark report, “Recommendations for research to support the deployment of CCS in Europe beyond 2020”, which identified key R&D areas requiring support in order to drive down costs and accelerate deployment via well-targeted programmes. FP7-ENERGY calls have taken into account several key recommendations, proving various individual components of the CCS value chain. Much learning has been achieved and industry is today confident that CO2 transport and storage can be safely introduced on a commercial scale.

However, further targeted R&D is essential in areas that can significantly reduce costs and commercial risks. ZEP has therefore published an update on R&D priorities for CO2 capture, while this report covers R&D priorities for CO2 transport and storage, taking into account advances achieved to date. (N.B. These are prioritised independently of the source of capture.) ZEP has also published a separate report outlining the urgent need for up to six new large storage pilots, EU-wide.

Work on R&D priorities must be initiated now and/or continued in order to enable the wide deployment of CCS by 2030. This includes all the key development steps (laboratory – small/large pilot – demonstration – pre-commercial). To this end, CCS must be fully represented in Horizon 2020 as a critical low-carbon technology for delivering EU climate goals.

Download the ZEP report below.